The movement came about in 1984 in Malibu, California, when surfers first began to take action to fight against pollution at their spot. Created in 1990 as a result of initiatives by Biarritz surfers including the triple world champion Tom Curren, the Surfrider Foundation today boasts over 10,000 members and 1,500 volunteers. As a not-for-profit organisation whose aim is to protect the oceans and raise awareness of ecological issues, Surfrider’s scope of initiatives now extends to cover lakes and rivers. Its work includes fighting pollution in the oceans (oil slicks, fuel spillages, bacteriological pollution etc), informative action on the quality of water around bathing areas and possible risks arising from pollution. Finally, the association strives to raise awareness amongst the younger generations of the challenges faced in protecting the ocean (educational initiatives).